|Concepts of Biology (BIOL116) - Dr. S.G. Saupe; Biology Department, College of St. Benedict/St. John's University, Collegeville, MN 56321; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.employees.csbsju.edu/ssaupe/|
Study Guide & Review for Plant Structure
I. Goal: The goal of this unit is to provide a basic understand of plant structure and function.
II. Reading(s): Chapter 34
III. Objectives: Upon completion of this unit you should be able to:
describe the structure and function of the major vegetative organs of a plant
describe the different growth habits of plants (herb, shrub, tree, vine, forb, succulent)
compare and contrast annuals, biennials and perennials.
explain the life cycle of a winter annual.
compare and contrast deciduous vs. evergreen
describe the majors types of roots (tap, fibrous, adventitious)
explain the structure and function of root hairs
describe the nature and importance of mycorrhizae
describe how Indian pipe, which is a completely white non-chlorophyllous flowering plant is able to survive
identify some common root crops
explain why root crops are often biennials
label the parts of a typical woody plant stem (node, internode, bud, terminal bud, axillary bud, bud scale, terminal bud scale scar, leaf scar, lenticel, vascular bundle scar)
describe how it is possible to determine the age of twig
compare and contrast rhizomes, stolon, bulb, corm, and tuber and give examples of each.
explain how to tell the difference between a root and an underground stem
identify some common crops in which the stem is the primary tissue that is eaten.
identify the major parts of a leaf
describe the internal anatomy of a leaf and identify the function of each part (cuticle, epidermis, palisade layer, spongy layer, vein (vascular bundle), xylem, phloem, stomata)
identify some leaf crops that are commonly eaten
explain why leaves are broad and thin
Which type of cells do you like to eat � collencyma, parenchyma or sclerenchyma � and why?
Identify the "Function" for each of the following leaf structures: cuticle, epidermis, guard cells and stomata, palisade layer, mesophyll layer, vein, xylem, phloem
describe the differences between monocots and eudicots
identify the three major cell types
all of the terms that apply to the following species:
Tomato plant: herb shrub tree vine herbaceous woody annual biennial perennial deciduous evergreen
Dandelion: herb shrub tree vine herbaceous woody annual biennial perennial deciduous evergreen
White oak tree: herb shrub tree vine herbaceous woody annual biennial perennial deciduous evergreen
Grape: herb shrub tree vine herbaceous woody annual biennial perennial deciduous evergreen
Scotch pine tree: herb shrub tree vine herbaceous woody annual biennial perennial deciduous evergreen
IV. Common Terms/Concepts (can you use the following terms/concepts conversationally?)
V. More Questions: Can you.....
VII. Challenge Problems: Can you name a seed-plant plant that has:
- leaves and stems, but no roots?
- stems and roots, but no leaves?
- no distinct stems, leaves or roots
- no chlorophyll?
- stems, leaves and roots but not flowers or fruits?
VII. Personal Interest and Warm-Up: Quickly skim the assigned chapter, unit goal, learning objectives and web site notes. Write down any areas of particular interest to you. Then describe any personal experience that you have had with these topics. This could include previous work in high school, last semester in concepts, or in a non-academic setting. If you've had absolutely no previous experience with the topic, then write down how this topic may impact your daily life. Look through the objectives - do you know the answer to any of them?
VIII. Activities (some learning activities and tips for studying):
X. Questions: After completing the activities, write any question(s) that you still have concerning the objectives or that pertain to related areas. Check the text or other sources for the answers. Or, contact me!
XI. Application: Write one or more ways in which you can immediately apply this information to your daily life.
XII. Assessment: Meet with one or more members of the class to help assess that you have attained the objective and to help deepen your understanding of the material. Answer the questions at the end of the chapters. Write your own exam questions. Go through the CD-ROM. Visit the text book web site and answer the questions for chapter 34.
XIII. Good Web Sites: (consider visiting these web sites and studying the images)
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Last updated: January 29, 2004 � Copyright by SG Saupe