CHEMISTRY AND SOCIETY
The third examination will cover
Infectious Disease: Influenza and most of Pandemic of the 21st Century: Obesity
and Obesity (up to what we cover in class).
One of the main features of the
test will be the interpretation of diagrams of pathways and interactions (such
as in the immune system) that we discussed in class. In preparation, review the many diagrams and figures from the web
material. Then draw them on your own (for the simpler one) or interpret
each part of the diagram. If you can explain the diagrams to yourself (or
a friend) and your explanation matches that found on the web sites, you will be
in good shape for the exam.
- Describe the differences between bacteria
- Describe the life cycle of the influenza
- Describe why the influenza virus mutates so easily
- Describe the difference between antigenic drift, shift and jumps in
- Describe the role of hemagluttinin (H) and neuramindase (N) in influenza virus
- Describe how influenza drugs like Tamiflu work
- Describe the methods to produce vaccines against influenza virus
- Describe the role of cytokines and chemokines in the immune system
- Describe what is meant by a cytokine storm.
- Explain the differences between the innate and adaptive immune system.
- Describe the role of Toll-Like Receptors (TLK) in innate immune cells
like macrophages and dendritic cells.
- Interpret diagrams showing the interaction of antigen presenting cells
(macrophages/dendritic cells and virally infected/tumor cells with immune cells
(T cells, B cells) and the roles of MHC proteins.
- Describe factors that contribute to our perception of risk and
differentiate perceived risk from probable risk.
- Balance simple equations.
- Understand the relationships among mole, molecular or
atomic mass, and molar mass
Define molarity, understand the relationships among moles, volume,
mass, and molarity,.
- Calculate the amount (in grams or moles) of a
product or reactant given the number of grams or molecules of other
reactants or products.
- Calculate energy changes in combustion reactions
based on temperature changes in water that occur on burning a sample.
- Describe what is meant by limiting and excess
- Given diagrams, explain the general roles and
important features of glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transport, oxidative phosphorylation,
and fatty acid oxidation
- Describe the biological roles of NAD, FAD, and O2
in electron transport
- Explain how NAD+ is regenerated from
NADH in anaerobic and aerobic metabolism.
- Describe how ATP is made in glycolysis and in
- Identify molecules with anhydride motifs like ATP,
- Describe the contrasting roles of glucagon and
insulin in glucose metabolism.
- Given diagrams, describe the coordination of
carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
- Given diagrams, explain the effects of insulin on
muscles and adipose cells.
- Given diagrams, describe how changes in signal
transduction pathways might produce in Type II diabetes
Given diagrams, describe the role of adipose tissue
in regulating metabolism.
Describe changes in signal transduction pathways in
Type II diabetes and obesity
Describe the connections between Type II diabetes