CHAPTERS: 4 (omit section 4.9); 5
(125-27, 130-131, ); 6 (142-145, 146-154,156-160)
CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL
For the second examination, you should be
- Explain the concept of the mole and using unit factor
conversion, to convert between moles, mass, and number of particles.
- Understand the meaning of chemical equations.
- Calculate the amount of reactant consumed and product
produced given a chemical equation, and the masses of starting material.
- Write the molecular, ionic, and net ionic
equations for the reactions of salts in water.
- Identify precipitation reactions, and
predict the products of precipitation reactions.
- Define an acid and a base, identify
acid/base reactions, and predict the products of that
- Define oxidation, reduction, oxidizing
agent, reducing agent, and oxidation numbers.
- Identify redox reactions and assign
oxidation numbers to all atoms in the equation.
- Explain bond polarity and molecule
polarity, and be able to predict their existence in a given
- Identify and explain the different types of
intermolecular forces (IMF) including ion..ion,
dipole..dipole, H bond, and London forces
- Explain how the strength of IMF affects
boiling and melting points
- Describe different types of solutions,
their characteristics, and solubiility
- Explain how solubility can be explained
- Explain the difference among solutions,
colloids, and suspensions
- Explain the difference between electrolytes
- Draw "cartoon" structures of simple lipids
and use them to explain the solubility properties of lipids in
- Explain how detergent micelles and bilayers
form through IMF.
- Define molarity and percent
- Know how to make a solution of a given
percent concentation or molarity