STUDY GUIDE 2
HONR 210 - Medicine: East Meets West
For the second examination, you should be able to, in BRIEF
- Describe the types and progression of medical ideas in China,
including ancestral medicine, demonic medicine, medicine of systematic
- Explain the two major paradigms which underlie Chinese medicine -
cause and effect relations between corresponding and noncorresponding phenomena, and give
examples of each.
- Differentiate, in the paradigm of correspondence, between magical and
- Explain the role of Yin/Yang and 5 Element theory in TCM.
- Explain the relationship between wind as an external pernicious
influence and the development and role of chi (Qi) in TCM.
- Explain the role of vessels and circulation in TCM,
and possible origins
and bases of acupuncture, and pulse diagnosis. .
- Describe the Yin (depot) and Yang (palaces) organs in
TCM, their relationships
to the Five Elements, state one
sentence about the function of each (Kaptchuk, Chapter 3), and how they differ from
organs in the West.
- Describe the role of analogy in the development of the macrocosm
(especially in the developing infrastructure of China) in
the development of TCM.
- Describe the external pernicious influences and show by
diagram how they may affect the different yin organs through the cycles of mutual control and
- Describe the pharmacology of systematic correspondences.
- Describe the differences between Chi and Blood in TCM. (Kaptchuk,
- Describe how 5 emotions (internal): elation, anger, sadness/grief,
worry, and fear/fright are associated, like the pernicious influences (external), with the
Yin organs (Kaptchuk, Chapter 5, pg 158)
- Describe the four exams used in diagnosis in TCM (Kaptachuk, Chapter
- State the Eight Principle Patterns which integrate Yin/Yang and
symptoms used to define disharmonies. (Kaptchuk, Chapter 7).
- Describe the parallels between the dialectical
materialism of Marx and Lenin (the basis of Communist ideology) and the
traditional philosophies of China, and the role it may have in sanctioning
TCM in China.
- Describe the Western Four Element and Four Humor
Theory and how they influenced the development of Western
- Briefly explain the historical progression of our
"Western" understandings of the causes and treatment of disease
from the ancient Greeks modern times What have been some of the major
paradigm shifts in our explanation of the causes of disease?
- Explain the different types of "scientific"
studies used to investigate the efficacy of medical treatment and the
possible harm of exposure to unhealthy substances or therapeutic drugs.
Include the different kinds of control groups and biases in data analyses.
- Describe the common features of different
psychotherapeutic models that seem to be necessary for successful
psychotherapeutic interventions and which seem to be important for many
successful therapeutic interventions.
- Explain the role of specific therapies, placebo
therapies, and the natural course of disease in healing.
- Define the placebo effect, give specific examples which
document or refute its apparent efficacy, and describe the factors that affect
the development of a placebo response.
- Be familiar with the Central Dogma of Biology, and
given a DNA sequence and the genetic code, write the amino acid