STUDY GUIDE 1
HONR 210 - Medicine: East Meets West
For the first examination, you should be able to:
- Describe the contributions of the following people to our
understanding of the "scientifc method", how science progresses, and how the
process of science differs from other ways of knowing:
- Describe and give examples of deductive and inductive reasoning,
and explain their relative advantages and disadvantages
- Describe the general "Scientific Method" and the difference
between hypotheses, laws, and theories
- Briefly describe how our understanding of the "Western"
concepts of force and motion changed from the time of the ancient Greeks through the
- Briefly describe the ideas of the following people towards our
understanding of gravitational force and motion:
- Briefly describe the ideas of the following people or
concepts with respect to the nature of matter and its changes:
- 4 Element Theory (Empedocles, Aristotle)
- Phlogiston Theory
- Compare and contrast the Four Element Theory and Four Humor Theory
and why these theories were so hard to dislodge
- Explain the philosophies and contributions of the following people in
Chinese history and how they affected the development of science in China:
- Lao-tzu - Taoism
- Buddha - Buddhism
- Confucius (K'ung-fu-tzu)- Confucianism
- Mencius (Meng-tzu) - Confucianism
- Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi) (1130-1200) - Neoconfucianism,
ideas of Li and Chi (Qi)
- Draw a timeline from 1500 BCE to 2000 ACE and indicate the
approximate dates for the work of the people listed above.
- Describe the 5 Element (Phase Theory) and Symbolic correlations
and how they were used. Explain and draw a diagram showing the relationships
among the 5 Elements that account for changes in the 5 elements. How did early Chinese
views differ from the 4 Element theory of the Greeks?
- Briefly explain Yin/Yang theory. How was it used in in the trigrams and
hexagrams of I Ching. How were the hexagrams described in I Ching used?
- To what extent did 5 Element (Phase) Theory and Yin/Yang Theory
hinder the development of science in China?
- Explain the role of magical principles and associative (or analogical
thinking) in the development of Chinese beliefs about nature.
- Give example of how Western science developed analogical ideas in the
development of science. How did these Western uses of analogy differ from Chinese
- Explain how the concept of law (both legal and natural) developed
differently in China and the West, and how these differences affected the different
developments of science.