|Plants & Human Affairs (BIOL106) - Stephen G. Saupe, Ph.D.; Biology Department, College of St. Benedict/St. John's University, Collegeville, MN 56321; email@example.com; http://www.employees.csbsju.edu/ssaupe|
GUIDE FOR CEREALS
of the Unit: The
primary goal of this unit is to review the biology and importance of the
Upon completion of this unit you should be able to:
reasons why cereals are so important to humans (e.g., bamboo, food,
ornamentals, erosion control)
between a true and false cereal and give examples of each
describe the characteristics of the Grass family (Poaceae, Graminae)
the following terms that pertain to the morphology of grasses:
fibrous roots, blade, sheath, bract, floret, spikelet, grain (caryopsis), bran, germ, aleurone, endosperm
between the different types of maize (popcorn, flour corn,
flint, dent, sweet corn, pod)
compare and contrast teosinte and maize (corn)
describe the current model for the evolution of maize from teosinte
the major structures/functions of the grain
and contrast bran and germ
identify the characteristics of cereals that humans have selected
threshing, winnowing, shattering
a major fungal disease of wheat. Indicate
the alternate host of this fungus
the cereal most commonly infected by the ergot fungus.
a cereal from which molasses is prepared
the cereal that provides broom corn
between spring and winter wheat. What is vernalization?
compare and contrast indica (long grain) and japonica (sativa or short) rice
compare and contrast upland vs. wet rice
is Azolla and why is it important?
what is meant by polishing/pearling grain
what is meant by a secondary crop. Give examples.
compare and contrast white vs. whole wheat flour
the parts of the typical grass flower
some reasons why cereals are good food crops
how were early cereals prepared for food?
what is the "bloody Host" controversy.
For each of the major cereals (see notes): (1) identify the area to which it is native; and (2) identify the major uses of the plant.
Last updated: 01/07/2005 / � Copyright by SG Saupe / URL:http://www.employees.csbsju.edu/ssaupe/index.html